Advanced Design Studio: Bellew/Bow/Spence
The cycles that occur at a winery and vineyard – those of grape-growth, biodynamics and vinification – are to a large degree governed by the movements of the sun and the moon. This project attempts to tie into these cosmological forces and the cycles they influence by adopting a circular form, which, derived from historical examples of solar and lunar tracking devices, allows for an omnidirectional orientation toward the Rioja countryside. While oriented outward, the ring frames a separate, interior space devoted to biodynamics and the observance of specific lunar events that guide the winemaking process.
The building is composed of three distinct parts. Buried underground to take advantage of the cooler temperature is the gravity-driven winery, in which each major step of the vinification process occupies its own level and erodes the cylindrical volume. Suspended off the ground is a ring composed of hotel rooms, each oriented differently to take advantage of the 360-degree views, and interspersed with a restaurant, bar, library and tasting room. The ring acts as a shading device for the outdoor plinth below, which is fragmented to allow views and light to penetrate into the winery below. The plinth contains the spa and full moon theater and is otherwise flexibly programmed based on the time of year and the solar and lunar positions. Seven cores support the ring and provide vertical circulation to link the various components.
Construction of Exactitude Project Statement
Our project is attempting to trace a lineage through four figures that we believe can illustrate the transition from the classical to the modern in architecture. We first looked at Jean Nicolas Louis Durand’s taxonomies of buildings. This inspired us to create our own taxonomy, focusing on museums as a building type. We studied Karl Friedrich Schinkel’s Altes Museum, Mies van der Rohe’s Neue Nationalgalerie, and SANAA’s 21st Century Museum of Art, specifically through an analysis of their treatment of the column, the wall, and the grid; poche and transparency, and symmetry and center. We also analyzed characteristics that we believed were intrinsic to the building, rather than the architect. Combining these two types of analysis, we created a matrix of building transformations imagining, for instance, how Schinkel would design the 21st Century Museum of Art, or how Mies would interpret the Altes Museum.
Coney Island is faced with a paradox: the function (amusement) vs. the functional (residential). Based on the inevitability of sea level rise, Coney must instrumentalize amusement as the key to its future. Our proposal takes a combinatory approach to Coney’s new urban identity. By centralizing around a hub and amplifying Coney’s identity as a destination, we enable the longevity of the island through the key element of its survival: the hotel.
Coney’s current context lacks any hotels. The hotel as a typology is able to support Coney not only in its reinforcement as a destination, but also as a crucial support structure during storm events. Armed with the knowledge that Coney’s resiliency is contingent on its legacy, our proposal establishes a linear bar of cross-programmed commercial and recreation functions with a wealth of amusement functions, striving to redefine a spatial typology. This creates new adjacencies which solidifies Coney's viability as a new urban and recreation center.
This new urban and amusement development drives the viability of hotel towers, establishing a path forward towards the future Coney: maintaining its legacy while inventing its future.